I will speak about the experience I’ve had with the Scottish Government climate change focus farm project. The things which have stood out are not so much energy use but efficiency of resource use and land management especially within an organic context. Efficiency and organics are not contradictory as some would have us believe. The key is not to waste resources and that tight management can make a huge difference to greenhouse gas emissions on farms. Efficient feed use, good soil management, good use of on farm resources are key. Other examples include minimising handling of waste water, thoughtful use of water generally and avoiding pollution. All of these help mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in indirect ways.